The City of Eau Claire had been sued by the Wisconsin Institute for Law & Liberty (WILL) on behalf of Voters With Facts, a local opponent of the Confluence Project. The plaintiffs argued that the city had not proven that the site qualified for the use of TIF, and that it did not meet the "but for" test, meaning that the development would not have happened without the TIF support from the city. WILL also claimed that cash payments to developers were unconstitutional because of the uniformity clause in the Wisconsin Constitution.
The Eau Claire Chamber of Commerce weighed in on the case with an amicus brief, an argument supporting the city's position that the decision on the applicability of TIF's is a policy determination to be made by the city council, not the courts as argued by the plaintiffs.
"There was a huge amount of public scrutiny and political debate regarding the Confluence Project, including scrutiny and debate on whether TIF was appropriate. That culminated in two public referendums. The voters favored going forward with the project, by comfortable margins. Subjecting the complex, subjective, policy-heavy determinations that went into the decision... would put the courts in a role they are ill-suited to fit." The Chamber argued that finding in favor of the plaintiffs would have a chilling effect on development in the state. Read more here about the Chamber's brief.
The suit was initially dismissed by the local court, but WILL and Voters With Facts pursued the case to the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court. In its 5-2 decision, the top court upheld the cash payments as constitutional and sent the case back to the local court for a very narrow review of the procedures used by the city to determine the applicability of TIF. "It's a great result," Assistant City Attorney Doug Hoffer told us, "we thought this was the best possible outcome."
Despite their loss in court, WILL issued a news release vowing that, "given the decision of the court, it may be up to the legislature to reform TIF laws to protect the taxpayer and ensure this abuse ends.”
The Chamber would characterize the use of TIFs in Eau Claire as a benefit to the public and taxpayers, not "abuse." The Chamber believes Eau Claire has been responsible in its use of TIFs, which over 25 years added over $312 million in property value across the 11 districts. The downtown North Barstow Tax Increment District alone has seen a 516% increase in property values. Click here for more about how TIF works and Eau Claire's TIF successes.
As noted in the Chamber's amicus brief, “TIF has played a significant role in what has already been a remarkable revitalization of downtown Eau Claire. A court judgment impeding the development underway in the TIF districts at issue would put at risk the momentum and optimism that has developed and steadily grown over the past decade, both in the Eau Claire business community and the community at large.” The brief was written on behalf of the Chamber by Weld Riley Attorney Ryan Steffes.
Because of the statewide implications for economic development, others who also filed Amicus Briefs included the Wisconsin REALTORS Association, City of Milwaukee, League of Wisconsin Municipalities, City of Madison, Wisconsin Towns Association, and the State of Wisconsin. The case was closely watched state wide also because of the role of TIF in the FoxConn deal.
Text of Supreme Court decision (96 pages)
State Supreme Court Sides with City (Leader-Telegram)
State Supreme Court ruling on TIFs favors City of Eau Claire (WEAU TV 13 News)
WI Supreme Court okays Confluence TIF (WQOW TV 18)
Wisconsin's High Court Affirms Use of Economic Incentives (AP/US News & World Report)
Posted by: Scott Rogers, Governmental Affairs & Workforce Director
Photo: Market & Johnson